Colorectal surgeries & procedures
The colon and rectum are two structures toward the end of the digestive tract. The surgeons at Novant Health Salem Surgical Associates regularly help to diagnose colorectal disorders through biopsies and colonoscopies, and to treat detected disorders with other surgical procedures.
Surgical procedures regularly completed by surgeons at Novant Health Salem Surgical Associates include:
A colonoscopy is a procedure that allows your surgeon to examine your large intestine. This can detect inflammation, ulcers and the early signs of cancer. A long, flexible tube with a light on the end is inserted through the rectum. A small camera in the tube allows your surgeon to view the intestine, while the same tube can be used to access the area with surgical instruments.
Rectal tumor procedures
Tumors can form in the rectum in patients with colorectal cancers. Small tumors can be removed during a colonoscopy, while larger tumors might require minimally invasive or traditional surgery methods.
Swollen veins around the anus are called hemorrhoids. If these veins become painful and do not respond to other treatments, surgery can remove them. This is a simple procedure, and can generally be done with minimal or no anesthesia.
Anal fissure & fistula surgery
Anal fissures are tears in the anus that extend to the anal canal. These can be caused by trauma or cancer. An anal fistula is an infected cavity near the anus. Both of these conditions can be treated with surgery.
Colon & small bowel resection
Colon resection and small bowel resection surgeries are procedures involving the removal of cancerous or inflamed sections of these organs. These procedures can, in some cases, be completed through minimally invasive methods. These procedures can be a part of cancer treatment, or can be used to lessen the symptoms of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
Rectal prolapse surgery
Rectal prolapse occurs when the lower end of the rectum protrudes out of the anus. Traditionally or minimally invasive surgery can fix the protrusion and relieve symptoms.